How To Use My Filet Crochet Charts

Filet Crochet is a series of squares (meshes), some filled and some empty to create a design. The squares are formed in crochet by using basic crochet stitches which are double crochet (abbreviated as dc) and chains (abbreviated as ch) I will be using my star doily pattern here to show you how simple it is to follow the filet crochet charts in my patterns.

It is an approximate 2.5-inch square when done in size 10 crochet thread with a size 7 steel crochet hook, or 3.5-inch square when done using cotton dishcloth yarn and size F crochet hook. The charts I make for my patterns are a grid type chart. The filled squares make the design that will show up on the filet crocheted project.

Each Filet Crochet Project starts with a chain.
When beginning a chart, count the squares across, times 3 plus one more for the foundation chain to begin our project. So on this grid, we have 11 squares, so we would times that by 3 which would give us 33 and always add one (counted as the last stitch), so the foundation for this project would be 34 chains.

All vertical lines on the grid are 1 double crochet.
All filled squares in the grid are 2 double crochets.
All Empty squares in the grid are 2 chains.

So using the chart above always start at the bottom left of the chart.

Star Doily or Coffee Cup Coaster Chart Pattern

Start by crocheting the chain of 34 first, (this is the foundation chain that you will work the first row on) then chain 3 more (this will be considered the first dc in the next row if it is a filled square, or ch 5 for the next row if it is an empty square).
Row 1:
Now working back down the chain you just made, these next crochet stitches will be considered the first row on the chart.
Starting at the bottom left-hand side of the chart we see that the first square is filled, so that would mean 4 double crochets, one for each of the vertical lines and 2 in the middle. So the first double crochet (dc) is already made because you ended the foundation chain with 3 extra chains, so you double crochet in the 4th ch from the hook, and in the next 2 chains, which would give you 4 dc in a row, making 1 filled square.

Then the next 4 squares on the chart are empty, so that would mean each of those empty squares has 2 chains, and the vertical lines on each side of the empty squares would be 1 double crochet. Well, we already got the first double crochet done because it is part of the filled square we just did, so we continue on this row by chaining 2, skip 2 chains, then dc in the next chain, you would do this 4 times, and now you should have 1 filled square, and 4 empty squares in your crochet project.

The next square you see is filled, so the first vertical line is already done from the empty square we just made, so now you dc in the next 3 chains, making the row now have 1 filled square, 4 empty squares, 1 filled square.

The next 4 squares according to the chart are empty, so you would again have the first dc already done from the filled square, so we continue on by *chaining 2, skip 2 chains, dc in next chain*, and repeat that sequence between the * 4 times. So now in the first row, you will have 1 filled square, 4 empty squares, 1 filled square, 4 empty squares.

So on with the next square which on the gird chart it is the last filled square on this row, so the first vertical line dc is done, so you will have to dc in the last 3 chains. Your first row is complete, 1 filled square, 4 empty squares, 1 filled square, 4 empty squares, 1 filled square.

You turn your work and start on the next row, but you read the chart from the right side this time. < means right side, < means left side, all odd-numbered (1,3,5) rows are started on the left, and all even-numbered (2,4,6) rows start on the right.

Row 2 : < When we look at the chart starting on the right side of the second row we see the square is empty. So you would chain 5 (this equals 1 dc and 2 chs for the empty square), skip two stitches and dc in the next, making your first empty square. The next square is filled so we count the last dc made as the first, so we dc in the next 3 stitches or chains from the previous row. So now we have 1 empty square and 1 filled square.

The next 3 squares on this second row are empty, so we *chain 2, skip two stitches or chains, and dc in the next stitch*, and we repeat between the * 2 more times, giving us 1 empty square, 1 filled square, and 3 empty squares so far on this 2nd row.

The next square on the chart is filled so we count the dc from the empty square as 1 and dc in the next 3 stitches or chains, so we now have 1 empty square, 1 filled square, 3 empty square, and 1 filled square.

The chart shows us we have 3 empty squares next, so we count the dc from the last filled square we made, as the first one for this square, ch 2, skip 2 sts or chs, and dc in next st, repeat 2 more times... making this 2nd row now have 1 empty square, 1 filled square, 3 empty squares, and 1 filled square, 3 empty squares.

The chart shows us the next square is filled, so we count the last dc we just made and dc in the next 3 sts or chs. Now we have 1 empty square, 1 filled square, 3 empty squares, 1 filled square, 3 empty squares, 1 filled square.

The last square according to the chart, on row two, is empty, so we ch 2, skip two stitches or chs, and dc in the last st. So now the 2nd row is finished. We should have 1 empty square, 1 filled square, 3 empty squares, 1 filled square, 3 empty squares, 1 filled square, 1 empty square.

Turn your work to start on row 3, starting on the left side.
Now that we completed the first two rows you have mastered the basics of filet crochet. I will continue writing out the pattern for this approximately 2.5-inch square doily, only I will write out the rest of the rows like I do for the patterns I design. For the empty squares, I use this: (ch 2, dc) 3 times (count of empty squares) which means chain 2, skip two stitches or chains and dc in next st, do this 3 times. Always skip two stitches and dc in the next stitch after a ch 2. Also, For all chains and double crochets, I will use the abbreviation 'st' or 'sts' when describing where to dc in the previous row...example: dc in next 3 sts.

Row 3: > Chain 5, skip two sts, dc in next st, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc in next 4 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2 times, dc in next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2 times, dc in next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2 times, turn.
Row 4: < Ch 5, skip 2 sts, dc in next st, (ch 2, dc) 2 times, dc in next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 3 times, dc in next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 3 times, turn. Row 5: > Ch 5, skip 2 sts, dc, (ch 2, dc) 3, dc next 3 sts, ch 2, skip 2 sts, dc next 4 sts, (ch 2, dc) 4, turn.
Row 6: < Chain 3 (the chart shows us the first square on row six is filled so that would start the row off with 3 chs which equals 1 dc), dc next 9 sts (this number equals 3 filled squares not counting the 1st dc(ch3), (ch 2, dc) 2, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2, dc last 9 sts, turn.
Row 7: >Ch 5, skip two sts, dc, (ch 2, dc) 3, dc next 3 sts, ch 2, dc next 4 sts, (ch 2, dc) 4, turn.
Row 8: < Ch 5, skip two sts, dc, (ch 2, dc) 2, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 3, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 3, turn.
Row 9: > Ch 5, skip two sts, dc, ch 2, skip two sts, dc next 4 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 2, turn.
Row 10: < Ch 5, skip two sts, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 3, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 3, dc next 3 sts, ch 2, dc last st, turn.
Row 11: > Ch 3, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 4, dc next 3 sts, (ch 2, dc) 4, dc last 3 sts, turn.

This is the end of the rows. You can continue on from the corner and add a border of chain 3 skip 2 sts, single crochet in next st, and repeat that all the way around the outside of the doily, at the last ch 3, slip stitch into the first ch of the first chain 3. Tie off, clip your thread, and weave in the thread ends.

The doily is finished. I also have a stitch symbol chart in most of my patterns. It is a row by row chart that is done in the crochet symbols. 0 shape means chain and t shape means double crochet for this star doily. So here is the stitch symbol chart for this doily, you can check the rows you are on and see if you are using the right stitches.

Crochet Stitch Symbol Chart for Star Doily


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